6706 Saad Ibn Abi Waqas, An Nasim Al Gharbi, Riyadh 14235 3779, Saudi Arabia.
students may be termed suffering literacy beginners, as they fall beneath the
anticipated stage of literacy attainment for his or her age. While literacy as
a idea is often revised and contested (e.g. Stevens 2005), 200-301 Dumpsfor the functions of
this paper, we draw at the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting
Authority (ACARA) conceptualisation of literacy as touching on to “the
expertise, competencies and tendencies to interpret and use language hopefully for
getting to know and speaking inside and out of college and for collaborating
successfully in society” (ACARA, 2017).